international year of 2015
Speakers included two Nobel laureates and representatives from many other diverse sectors, and the topics covered in talks included health and life science, architecture and urban environments, new light sources for research, optics and photonics, cultural heritage, light pollution awareness, and science education. Much support was needed from a number of international scientific partners at this stage, and it is essential here to acknowledge Francis Allotey (Ghana) and Ana María Cetto (Mexico) for their leading roles. The resolution was adopted by the Executive Board joined by co-signatories from a further 27 Board Members: Angola, Bangladesh, Brazil, Burkina Faso, China, Congo, Cuba, Djibouti, Ecuador, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Kenya, Indonesia, Italy, Malawi, Nigeria, Peru, the Republic of Korea, Saudi Arabia, Spain, Thailand, Tunisia, the United Arab Emirates, the United States of America, Venezuela, and Zimbabwe. Light is an essential part of culture and art, and is a unifying symbol for the world. This 24-hour time standard is kept using highly precise atomic clocks combined with the Earth's rotation. International Year of Soils. Many countries and institutions held similar events under the banner of the "Night of the Stars" for public observing and one such programme on 28 November 2015 in Latin America attracted 200,000 participants. Finding the CMB represented a triumph for the "Big Bang" description of the Universe. The Museum of Contemporary Art Australia in Sydney ran the Light Show exhibition from 16 April-5 July 2015 and developed accompanying events for IYL 2015 including public lectures and interactive exhibits. Emphasise the importance of basic research in the fundamental science of light, the need for investment in light-based technology to develop new applications, and the global necessity to promote careers in science and engineering in these fields. Einstein's Light by film maker Nickolas Barris and Leiden University described the innovative spirits of Albert Einstein and Hendrik Lorentz. The International Dota 2 Championships 2015 was the fifth annual edition of The International. Why do many countries set the clocks back and forth an hour twice a year? Amongst other events, The Chinese Taipei Lantern Festival ran from 5–15 March 2015, included a special lantern featuring Einstein, and attracted more than 8 million visitors. On the truly global level, the celebration of the UN's 70th anniversary on 25 October 2015 saw 300 iconic monuments worldwide lit up in the colours of UN blue. The coordination of IYL 2015 was through its steering committee that provided overall direction and guidance for IYL 2015 activities. This is "UN/UNESCO International Year of Light 2015 Final Official Trailer" by Nickolas Barris on Vimeo, the home for high quality videos and the people… 2. With the support of the EPS President Luisa Cifarelli, an important milestone occurred in September 2011 when the Italian Physical Society and EPS organized in Varenna, Italy, the Passion for Light launch meeting for IYL 2015, where representatives of UNESCO and the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (UNESCO-ICTP) were present, both to learn more about our plans and to show their support. UNESCO delegates from Ghana and Mexico introduced the proposal to the Executive Board. In the frame of COP21 and IYL 2015, the Human Energy project allowed participants to generate power through running, dance, and cycling etc. The resolution was placed before the Executive Board by Ghana, Mexico, the Russian Federation (Board Members), and New Zealand (UNESCO Member State). Together with other observations, these data led to the "standard model" for cosmology: a spatially flat Universe dominated not only by dark matter, but also by the mysterious dark energy, responsible for accelerating the present expansion of the cosmos. The event also included a scientific introduction to the main themes of IYL 2015. James Clerk Maxwell (1831-1879), born in Scotland, is considered as one of the most important scientists of all time and one of the greats in the history of physics along with Newton and Einstein. In addition to the IAU-coordinated activities to recognize the start of IYL 2015 in January 2015, the Chandra X-ray Center released a set of images that combined data from telescopes tuned to different wavelengths of light. Photograph by Soo Sunny Park Light has always been a theme of inspiration for literature, and events linking light and the written word were also frequent during 2015. Other assistance was provided by Zsolt Fulop (Hungary), John Harvey and Geoff Austin (New Zealand), Zohra Ben Lakhdar and Mourad Zghal (Tunisia), Joe Niemela (UNESCO-ICTP), Lluis Torner (Spain) and Sergei Bagaev and Victor Zadkov (Russia). Similar mapping displays included the Legenda Aurea show on 11 October 2015 on the Colosseum in Rome, and the Brandenburg Gate from 9–18 October 2015 as part of Berlin's Festival of Lights. Four Regional Qualifiers. Ana Maria Cetto and John Dudley led a delegation that also included representatives of the African Physical Society (Yanne Chembo), ICTP and OSA (Anthony Johnson) and SPIE (H. Philip Stahl). These nodes established collaborations between major national and local communities involved with IYL 2015 in each country and established a national committee that included a wide range of different partner representatives. About the Year of Light On 20 December 2013, the UN General Assembly 68th Session proclaimed 2015 as the International Year of Light and Light-based Technologies (IYL 2015). Promote your support. Other innovative ways in which the IYL 2015 logo appeared was as a hologram prepared for laser pointers, inside cakes, drawn with machine vision-robotic control, and included in a special design for a reindeer- themed Christmas decoration that was placed on the Christmas Tree outside the UK Prime Minister's residence at 10 Downing Street. Finally, the resolution A/RES/68/221 proclaiming the IYL 2015 was adopted on 20 December 2013 during a plenary meeting of the 68th Session of the UN General Assembly. Running from 16–31 December 2015, an estimated 150,000 people passed through the V&A site on New Year's Eve. The official final report on the UN's International Year of Light and Light-based Technologies in 2015 (IYL2015) was released 3 October 2016 highlighting a successful community partnership for global outreach, including 13,168 events in 147 countries. Although such gender ratios are superior to those usually associated with the organisation of scientific bodies and conferences, clearly much more still needs to be done. The detection of the CMB triggered a series of increasingly accurate experiments and detailed theoretical calculations over the past fifty years, searching for more information about the universe in this early cosmic signal. Why are there 12 months? The European Researchers' Night on 25 September 2015 in 24 countries attracted over 1.1 million visitors, and many activities used the theme of light to align with IYL 2015. 2.1.1. 2015 has been a record year for mergers and acquisitions (M&A). Note that some events included several different activities (e.g. In addition, President Mahama of Ghana provided a message for the African Regional Conference and Exhibition on Harnessing Light and Light-based Technologies for Africa's Development. At this point there were many partners involved: in addition to EPS and its own European member societies, the IYL 2015 team included the African Physical Society, the American Physical Society, the Association of Asia Pacific Physical Societies, the Chinese Optical and Physical Societies, the European Optical Society, the International Commission for Optics (ICO), the IEEE Photonics Society, the Optical Society (OSA), the international society for optics and photonics (SPIE), as well as many other partners and societies from Africa, Australia, Canada, the Middle East, New Zealand, South America, and elsewhere. It aims to significantly strengthen national adaptation efforts, including through support and international cooperation. The tournament was hosted in Seattle for its fourth consecutive year, and the second consecutive year that the Main Event took place at KeyArena, a multi-purpose arena in Seattle Center with a total seating capacity of over 17,000. The central hub for the IYL 2015 was the Global Secretariat located at the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) in Trieste, Italy. scientific lectures embedded within an art show) but in such cases we chose to include the event in the category corresponding to the primary activity that appeared in promotion. Australia's National Science Channel RiAus organized a scientific haiku contest to reflect the National Science Week theme Making waves – the science of light. It was not until the early 20th century that the photoelectric effect introduced firm evidence of a particle nature of light as well, therefore, paving the way for the wave-particle duality of light. In addition to the Opening and Closing Ceremonies, high-level events with participation of UNESCO leadership included: two events at UNESCO HQ as part of the UNESCO Executive Board Future Prospects initiative with the participation of Nobel Laureates William D. Phillips (21 January 2015) and Hiroshi Amano (8 June 2015); the participation of the UNESCO Director General at the launch of IYL 2015 in Algeria (11 April 2015); the participation of the UNESCO Assistant Director General at the world's largest combined academic-industry photonics conference in Germany on 22 June 2015 and at the opening of The Islamic Golden Age of Science for the Knowledge-Based Society conference at UNESCO HQ on 14 September 2015. which reached 13,000 young people and members of the public in one weekend; the Children's Museum in Jordan organised an exhibit and storytelling activities on "Colours" for three months in 2015 which was visited by 36,000 children; a three-month programme of the Macedonian Montessori Association implemented children's workshops in art and science of light; a Portuguese programme "Bringing Light to Schools" included teacher training in how to use light-based technologies to stimulate student interest; one event in South Africa was a year-long programme bringing light-based teaching resources to the disadvantaged area of Mamelodi targeting five local schools and 400 pupils; events in Tunisia included hands-on activities in six secondary schools in rural regions of the country. Other official events also commemorated IYL 2015. The IYL 2015 Media Partners published many special publications over the IYL 2015. Four Regional Single-elimination Open Qualifiers. An important component of the Closing Ceremony were a series of interactive Panel Discussions which encouraged audience participation in defining follow-up actions for the future, going beyond the IYL 2015. Posted on October 17, 2014 by zakariabelhaj. In South Africa, the University of Fort Hare together with ICTP organized a workshop in Alice, Eastern Cape, South Africa from 28 September - 1 October 2015 that was attended by 80 delegates from over 25 countries. We have seen this in cultural symbolism, universal myths and legends, and in the many ways that studying the science of light and applying it in practical applications has shaped the societies in which we live. The Woman Scream International Poetry and Arts Festival 2015 - organized from the Dominican Republic - used the theme of "Women of Light" in over 160 events in 36 countries during March 2015 to honour women and create a conscious call against violence to women through artistic expressions. Bruce Adolphe composed the score for the Nickolas Barris film Einstein's Light. Many … International Year of Light and Light-Based Technologies. Elsewhere, a three-day international symposium on Light and Life was organized in Islamabad, Pakistan, from 14–16 October 2015; events in Europe during 2015 included the Laser World of Photonics congress from 22–25 June 2015 in Germany, and a workshop on an African synchrotron facility held at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility in Grenoble, France from 16–20 November 2015. They also provided invaluable service in translating the international resources that were developed in English into local languages. Einstein's General Theory of Relativity fundamentally changed the way we understand gravity and the universe in general. Industries based on light are major economic drivers, and light-based technologies directly respond to the needs of humankind by providing access to information, promoting sustainable development, and increasing societal health and well-being. All countries participating in IYL 2015 included a strong focus on education, and indeed in some cases light was chosen as a major theme of centrally coordinated National and Regional Science Weeks. After two years of intensive work, the United Nations has declared 2015 the International Year of Soils. Over 75 per cent of those arriving in Europe had fled conflict and persecution in Syria, Afghanistan or Iraq. In the UK, two events were organised by the Parliamentary and Scientific Committee to raise awareness of the photonics sector; the closure of the IYL 2015 in Andorra was celebrated at the headquarters of the Parliament of Andorra; Member of the Duma and Nobel Laureate Zhores Alferov spoke on the IYL 2015 and topics of light technology at the Russian Parliament. The IYL 2015 Resolution in all official languages of the UN is available here. A film series commissioned by Physics World (IOP), Light in our Lives, covered applications of light and light-based technologies, with an international dimension reflecting the countries where they were produced – the UK, India, France, Mexico, and the USA. The stamps depicted key IYL 2015 themes such as Cosmic Light (Sierra Leone), light pollution awareness (Gambia), optical phenomena (Sierra Leone), and light-based technologies (UK). harvnb error: no target: CITEREFLindberg1967 (, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Abdus Salam International Centre of Theoretical Physics, International Society for Optics and Photonics, "EPS President John Dudley explains the International Year of Light and Light-based Technologies", "International Year of Light -- Sustainability, Development, Education, History, Youth", Struggle against Slavery and its Abolition, Creative Economy for Sustainable Development, First International Polar Year (1882–1883), Second International Polar Year (1932–1933), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=International_Year_of_Light&oldid=990652598, Articles lacking in-text citations from May 2018, Pages using infobox recurring event with unknown parameters, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. This reveals the power of light-based technologies in not only driving applications but also supporting research into very fundamental physics. Maintain these goals and achievements in the future beyond the International Year of Light. As well as hosting a special event during the LightFair conference in New York, United States of America, on 5 May 2015 that included UNESCO representation, the IALD regional chapters hosted over 100 other events in 2015. Many photography contests in the framework of the IYL 2015 attracted thousands of entries from around the world.  Born around a thousand years ago in present-day Iraq, Ibn Al-Haytham was a pioneering scientific thinker who made important contributions to the understanding of vision, optics, and light. Ibn Al-Haytham was one of the earliest scientists to study the characteristics of light and the mechanism/process of vision. The Amazing Theatre of Physics in the Czech Republic visited many schools with their play explaining the physics behind light. Many artists and museums worldwide embraced IYL 2015, both through drawing attention to the International Year in the frame of their exhibits and displays, or through participation in activities organised with other partners that created new synergies between different communities. An approximate regional breakdown of the events that took place during 2015 is as follows: Africa (27 countries, 654 activities); the Americas (30 countries, 4,501 activities); Asia (39 countries, 2,000 activities); Europe (45 countries, 5,844 activities) and Oceania (2 countries, 169 activities). In another initiative, iconic landmarks and buildings throughout the Ireland were lit orange to commemorate World Suicide Prevention Day on 10 September 2015. Publishers such as Elsevier, Springer, and Wiley also published special IYL 2015 issues or editorials. The IYL 2015 Closing Ceremony took place over 4–6 February 2016 in the city of Mérida, Mexico. International Year of Soils 2015: Healthy soils for a healthy life Our soils are in danger because of expanding cities, deforestation, unsustainable land use and management practices, pollution, overgrazing and climate change. Maxwell also left us outstanding contributions to colour theory, optics, Saturn's rings, statics, dynamics, solids, instruments, and statistical physics. Developed by Studio Roosegaarde, Leiden University, and North Carolina State University, the Rainbow Station projection ran every day in 2015 and was seen by an estimated 50 million people. Penzias and Wilson won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1978 for their discovery. Dark Sky awareness was raised through many local events, as well as the citizen-science Globe at Night programme (globeatnight.org), an international citizen scientist project to measure the degree of light pollution all around the world using the human eye, and through the development of the Quality Lighting Teaching Kit. UNESCO Executive Board supports annual International Day celebration as an enduring legacy of the International Year of Light 2015 - Oct 20, 2016. (4%). 2015 has been a record year for mergers and acquisitions (M&A). Worldwide, many laboratories and photonics institutes worldwide held open days for students and the public to learn about the work of research and optical science. Elsewhere in France, the largest artistic sundial in Europe was inaugurated on 21 June 2015 to mark the Summer Solstice during IYL 2015. Focus on particular discoveries in the history of science that have shown the fundamental centrality of light in the development of knowledge, and highlight the continuous nature of discovery in different historical and cultural contexts. The proposal was endorsed by ICQE and thus began the adventure towards IYL 2015. International Years are part of the United Nations (UN) declared observances that promote awareness of issues relevant to its aims and international programmes. A number of other international lighting events took place 2015. The most prominent were featured in IYL 2015 Optics Bookshelf on the IYL 2015 website. The World Events That Mattered Most in 2015. An indicative breakdown of the distribution of activities is as follows: Multi-day scientific conferences (30%); Light-themed exhibitions and festivals (25%); One day conferences and special events (22%); Activities in schools (10%); Art and music and light shows (6%); Citizen Science activities (3%); Other e.g. The theory also has important implications for cosmology, the study of the structure of the Universe. Businesses, government and individuals around the world have since been mobilised to meet these ambitions targets by 2030. Coronavirus. ... A Look Back at Some of the Major Natural Disasters in 2015 A look back at the year's top weather stories, from earthquakes to floods. The International Year of Light and Light-based Technologies 2015 or International Year of Light 2015 (IYL 2015) was a United Nations observance that aimed to raise awareness of the achievements of light science and its applications, and its importance to humankind. • Test items were a mixture of multiple-choice questions and questions requiring students to construct their own responses. Still struggling to emerge from a deep economic recession, it … The International Year of Light and Light-based technologies 2015 (IYL2015) is a global initiative designed to highlight the key role light and optical technologies play in our daily lives and their importance for our future and for the sustainable development of the society we live in. The United Nations (UN) has declared the year 2015 as: Soils are important for biodiversity and food security. When Kao started work, it seemed impossible to use light for transmitting information because the available materials simply had too much loss. In that regard he was following a procedure somewhat similar to the modern scientific method. A winter light festival Montréal en lumière in Canada presented an array of free outdoor light-based activities integrating digital arts and interactive initiatives. These findings unleashed a series of technological improvements and advancements, launching a new age in the history of telecommunications. The SDGs seek to end all forms of poverty, fight inequalities and tackle climate change, while ensuring that no one is left behind. The Athens Science Festival celebrated from 17–22 March 2015 chose as its main theme light and its applications, and attracted 33,000 participants, including 8,000 students. Updated October 04, 2016 10:23:51 Map: Asia. The École Polytechnique and composer Jérôme Musiani released Step into the Light performed by Vince McClenny. Other Festivals included: the VerCiência International Festival of Science TV in Brazil, the 2nd Ethnografilm Festival in Paris, and the CINEMISTICA 2015 Film Festival in Spain. This was the case, for example, in: Australia, Brazil, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, France, Germany, Mexico and Slovakia. The work of Augustin Fresnel was showcased in a special Fresnel Lecture on 10 March 2015 held at the Royal Institution in London and organised by the Society of Light and Lighting. Many activities highlighted milestones in the history of science during 2015. It is worth noting here that this experimental confirmation of General Relativity, like that of Special Relativity before it, was based on using an optical instrument - an interferometer. The art festival Nuit Blanche was organized in Bratislava on 10 October 2015, and together with the Festival of Light (10-12 October 2015) attracted 100,000 people to the streets of the Slovak capital. In this context the goals of IYL 2015 align with the 17 Sustainable Development Goals which were adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 2015. Many large-scale events took place in Europe during 2015. Later in the year, with the help of UNESCO, the IYL 2015 Steering Committee was invited by Mexico to defend the proposal in New York, United States of America, at an information meeting held at UN Headquarters in May 2013.
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